Volcanoes were seen as a sign of wrath from God in the ancient days. The volcanic eruptions remind us that this earth we live in is merely a planet that keeps changing its geology frequently. Volcanoes are basically “A fissure in the earth’s crust (or in the surface of some other planet) through which molten lava and gases erupt”. This is the dictionary meaning of the word Volcano. They are located along the edges of tectonic plates. They bring the boiling magma, ash and gases below the surface of the earth and explode violently in response to shifts in the tectonic plates. The Most Active and Dangerous Volcanoes around the world have been terrific and at the same time they pave way for various researches to the scientist.
Here’s a list of 10 most active and dangerous volcanoes around the world:
1. Yellow Stone National Park, USA
Yellowstone is generally termed as a super volcano. The last big eruption of a super volcano occurred in Yellowstone around 640,000 years back. It is estimated that 87,000 people would be killed on the spot if Yellowstone was about to blow.
2. Mt. Vesuvius, Italy
One of the most famous and the Most active and Dangerous Volcanoes around the world occurred in the history of the planet is Mt. Vesuvius. It has an eruption cycle of almost every 20 years. It last erupted in 1944. This volcano poses a unique threat to a great number of people living close to the Mountain.
3. Sakurajima, Japan
Sakurajima is popularly known as the “Vesuvius of the East” Sakurajima produces thousands of volcanic eruptions each year. If a major volcanic eruption occurs, 700,000 residents in the nearby places will be in complete hazard.
4. Mt. Merapi, Indonesia
Mt. Merapi means the “Mountain of Fire”. In the year 2010, a volcanic eruption killed 353 people and left 320,000 people homeless. It is one of the most active volcano of Indonesia and it has produced more lava flow than any other volcano in the world.
5. Mt. Nyiragongo, Democratic Republic of Congo
This humongous volcano contains lakes of lava near its crater. Lava flows at a speed of 60 mph. It has destroyed nearby villages, killing thousands of people. In 2002, 147 people died in an eruption and 120,000 people lost their homes.
6. Taal Volcano, Philippines
Since 1572, the Taal Volcano has had 33 eruptions. While most of these eruptions are limited to the intracaldera area, some eruptions destruct the whole region. It is estimated that 5,000-6,000 people have been injured and killed by its devastative effects at Taal. The only safe way to view the Taal Volcano is from a good safe distance.
7. Mauna Loa, Hawaii
Mauna Loa has been erupting volcanoes consistently for over the past 700,000 years, In 1984, the very recent eruption occurred and one of the most important hazard. Mauna Loa poses great threat to the surrounding areas.
8. Galeras, Colombia
In 1580, the first volcanic eruption was recorded. Scientists have estimated that the volcano in Galeras has been erupting for a period of a million years. It is one of the most active and dangerous volcanoes recorded around the world.
9. Popocatépetl, Mexico
Popocatépetl has erupted more than 20 times since the year 1519. It erupted last in the year 2000. It is one of the most dangerous volcanoes human history has ever recorded.
10. Ulawun, Papua New Guinea
This is one of the most dangerously active volcanoes in the world. Since the 1700s there have been 22 big eruptions, and nearby people reported that they continuously observed minor eruptions on a frequent basis.